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03 August, 2012
The Doctrine of Ultimate Reality in Sikh Religion: A Study of Guru Nanak’s Hymns in The Adi Granth
The Doctrine of
Ultimate Reality in Sikh Religion: A Study of Guru Nanak’s Hymns in The Adi
By- James Massey
though comparatively young among the world religions, has its adherents all
over the world. Several good studies dealing with the teachings of Guru Nanak,
its founder, and the general tenets of Sikh religion are available. Yet there
is hardly any work which deals with the cardinal doctrine of Sikh religion.
study concentrating on the cardinal doctrine of Ultimate Reality in Nanak’s
hymns attempts to fill this gap. It addresses such important questions as ‘Is
the Ultimate Reality as seen by Nanak absolute or personal or both?’, ‘Is it
transcendent or immanent or both?’, ‘How does Nanak address it or does it have
any name?’, ‘Is this Reality with attributes or without?’, ‘What is the
relationship of this Reality with the visible universe including human
beings?’, ‘Can this Reality be known?’, ‘If so, how?’
The study is
divided in five chapters. Starting with an introduction, the first chapter
makes a detailed study of the key phrase of Mul Mantr, Ik Omkar
based on the contents of Nanak’s hymns. Chapter two presents a brief survey of
the various names used by Nanak for Ultimate Reality to facilitate proper grasp
of deeper meanings of the doctrine. Chapter three examines the various
attributes of the doctrine. One of the main attributes of the doctrine, viz. Karata
has been separately discussed in the succeeding chapter. The key to the
revelation of Ultimate Reality – gur prasadi had been studied in Chapter
five. This is followed by a summary of the whole study and conclusion. A
detailed glossary has been provided to facilitate understanding of various
vernacular terms used in the book.
work on Sikh religion in particular and comparative religion in general.
James Massey is currently the Director of the Centre for Dalit/Subaltern Studies
and Community Contextual Communication Centre, New Delhi and Hon. Secretary of
the Board of Theological Education of the Senate of Serampore College
(University), West Bengal. Dr. Massey is Privatdozent, the Faculty of
Protestant Theology at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Frankfurt am