04 October, 2012
Livestock in Orissa: The Socio-Economic Perspective
By- M.P.G. Kurup (ed)
Livestock production is the endeavor of millions of men and women in rural Orissa in tiny small holdings, and is a major source of supplementary income in the agriculture based livelihoods. It offers specific opportunities to the less privileged groups like marginal and landless farmers. Various schemes have been planned throughout the country to utilize the potential of livestock keeping in rural development and poverty alleviation programmes. Yet, there has been a limited impact on rural development and poverty alleviation.
Livestock in Orissa: The Socio-Economic Perspective is the outcome and edited version of the ‘Report of the Steering Committee for Livestock Sector Review: 1999’, initiated by the State Department of Fisheries and Animal Resource Development, organized and liaisoned by the Indo-Swiss Natural Resources Management Programme Orissa.
This study describes and analyses micro and macro economic aspects of the sector, species wise development efforts, their results and potential, and institutional setting. Based on up-to-date statistical information gleaned from literature and extensive fieldwork among the stakeholders in the sector and farmers it specifically focuses on the development perspectives for rural poor and women. The book also contains the text of the ‘State Lievestock Sector Policy’.
It contains a Wealth of information and offers a wide range of users’ insight in the facts and perspectives relating to livestock in Orissa. It will be particularly interesting for those who relate to the sector through their work in livestock programmes and are interested in rural development and livelihoods. The approach and analysis offered in the book will hopefully help people in other states to initiate or implement similar programmes in their states.
M.P.G. Kurup is a former Board Member and Executive Director of the National Dairy Development Board, Anand. He completed his formal education in India and had advanced training in Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
ISBN 81-7304-514-3 2003 264p. Rs.550/Pounds 45
Labour Market and Institution in India: 1990s and Beyond
By- Shuji Uchikawa
The purpose of this study is to examine change of institution in labour market after economic reforms. A dynamic element was introduced in the economy with reforms in an effort to achieve more flexibility in the system. The introduction of flexibility in the labour market led to some displacement of labour and an informalization of the labour force. On the other hand, reallocation of labour from declining to profitable sectors took place significantly within the organized sector and between the organized and the unorganized sectors. Labour market is different from other markets in role of institution. Institution plays an important role in labour market. At macro level, not only labour laws and trade unions but also subcontracting affect market. The value of subcontracting activity was growing at a faster rate than growth rate of output in organized manufacturing during the 1990s. At micro level, wage of employees depends on recruitment and promotion system and labour management. External and internal labour market institutions are primarily concerned with fairness in the distribution of workload and wages, within the non-market framework of the employment relation. Economic reforms had different impacts on industries and sector. We analyse the organized sector, the unorganized sector, the financial sector, declining sector and subcontracting sector.
Shuji Uchikawa is a researcher at Institute of Development Economies-Japan External Trade Organization (IDE-JETRO) in China. He has a Ph.D. from Jawaharlal Nehru Univesity. He was a visiting faculty at Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research between 2000 and 2002. He has published a number of articles on Indian economy.
ISBN 81-7304-486-4 2003 184p. Rs.400/Pounds 35
Indian Federalism in the New Millennium
By- B.D. Dua and M.P. Singh (eds)
The Indian federal system has been dynamic in accommodating political and societal changes since its constitutional blueprint was drawn in 1949-50. However, there has been a fundamental transformation in the operative principles of federalism particularly during the last decade or so. The rhythm and the beat of the political system, and of the federal system within it, has changed on account of a variety of socio-economic and political factors, but primarily because of a disarray of the party system, neo-liberal economic policies, and judicial decisions. The centralizing thrust of the earlier years has yielded to some kind of a ‘confederal’ operation of the political system, making the formulation and implementation of public policies a ‘consociational’ exercise between political elites at the two levels of government—central and provincial—with the third, now constitutionally entrenched level—local institutions of self-government—waiting in the wings.
The eighteen papers in this volume, written by experts in the field, reflect on the new and emerging trends in Indian federalism in particular and in the Indian political system in general in the larger context of global and regional changes.
B.D. Dua is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. His area of specialization is Comparative Politics, Public Administration, and Federalism. He has chaired the Department of Political Science for a number of years and is the Dean (Emeritus), Faculty of Arts and Science at the University. He has several publications, including books, to his credit and is well published in prestigious journals.
M.P. Singh is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Delhi and specializes in Indian and Canadian politics and Philosophy of Science. He was the Head of the Department of Political Science and the Dean of the Faculty of Social Science at the University, and a Director of the Indian Council of Social Science Research. He has authored, edited, and co-edited several books on Indian politics and contributed scholarly papers in professional journals in India and North America.
ISBN 81-7304-502-X 2003 448p. Rs.850/Pounds 60