05 November, 2012
The Plough and The Pen : Peasantry, Agriculture, and the Literati in Colonial Bengal
By- Bipasha Raha
Since the 1830s Bengal witnessed a vast outpouring of creative writing. Their authors came from diverse social background. In some cases their portrayal of the peasantry was a manifestation of their coherent agrarian thinking. The interest centred on the legal and social status of peasants; types of tenures and their obligations; organization of agrarian production; impact of world economic forces on agrarian economy and; existing land legislations.
This book brings forward hitherto unexplored aspects of literati perception of peasants and agriculture in colonial Bengal. It focuses on representation of the peasant in different literary genres, on issues related to agriculture and rural resuscitation at a time when there was intensification of the nationalist movement and the necessity of acquiring a mass base becomes crucial for some members of the literati. Analysis of vernacular literature, including tract literature and those authored by men not well known socially, much of it still untapped, makes this book a pioneering one.
This book will be of interest to students, researchers and scholars of history, sociology, literature and South Asian studies.
Bipasha Raha is Associate Professor of History at Visva-Bharati (a central University), Santiniketan. She was awarded the Charles Wallace Fellowship by the Charles Wallace India Trust.
ISBN 978-81-7304-941-5 2003 318p. Rs.975/Pounds 50
Perso-Arabic Hybrids in Hindi: The Socio-Linguistic and Structural Analysis
By- Agnieszka Kuczkiewicz-Fraś
From the very beginning of its existence Hindi has been subjected to foreign influences. Close contact with Persian brought to India by Muslim invaders, lasting for several centuries, has borne fruit in the form of an enormous quantity of borrowings of different types. It has also reached the most advanced stage in the whole process of enriching one language by the elements of the other—the phenomenon of hybridization, creating words of mixed Perso-Hindi etymology, has appeared.
Though hybrid words exist probably in every language, in Hindi their role is particular. They demonstrate its extraordinary ability for syncretising new, alien components without much harm to itself.
The main aim of this book is to show the scale of hybrid Perso-Arabic word-formation in Hindi and to discuss the factors that have been influencing this hybridsation. The features and linguistic processes crucial to it have also been pointed out.
Agnieszka Kuczkiewicz-Fraś studied Indian Philology in Poland and did her M.A. and Ph.D. in Hindi linguistics from the Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland, where she presently teaches Hindi, Urdu and Indian History. She has published several articles on Hindi-Urdu linguistics and on the problems of translation from Indian literataure.
ISBN 81-7304-498-8 2003 190p. Rs.400/Pounds 35