30 October, 2012
Occupational Choices, Networks and Transfers : An Exegesis Based on Micro Data From Delhi Slums
By- Arup Mitra
This volume analyses occupation, earning, and standard of living of the low income households from slum clusters in Delhi, and lays emphasis on strategies and efforts initiated by the slum dwellers to cope with uncertainties they face. The role of informal institutions or networks in accessing information pertaining to the urban labour market, and in experiencing an upward mobility, constitutes an important dimension of the analysis. Transfer of resources—monestary and/or non-monetary—across individuals/households, which can be either based on altruistic behaviour or motivated by the principle of exchange (or strategic exchange) takes the central position in the analysis. This helps derivea the domain of public policy, which would not be in conflict with the existing institutions, and would emerge as supportive measures instead of appearing as direct interventions. Interspatial variations in economic activities performed in the city and their impact on the labour market in terms of physical segmentation, constitute the other major aspect that the study focuses on. Differences in occupational choices, incomes and consumption expenditure across seems in the broad context of intra-household inequality are dealt with. Finally, it reviews the past and ongoing programmes relating to urban poverty, and compares them with the policy directives following from the present study.
Arup Mitra is Professor of Economics at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi. His area of research encompasses labour and welfare, urban development, industrial growth and productivity, infrastructure development, and gender studies.
ISBN 81-7304-483-X 2003 168p. Rs.340/Pounds 35
Nuclear Stability in Southern Asia
By- P.R. Chari, Sonika Gupta and Arpit Rajain (eds)
Konrad Adenauer Foundation
India’s and Pakistan’s reciprocal nuclear tests in 1998 irrevocably altered the strategic situation in Southern Asia and sparked off a global debate on nuclear weapons, arms control and nuclear deterrence. The trilateral nature of the nuclear adversarial relation in the region, comprising the security concerns of China, India and Pakistan, presents a challenge to existing theories and practices of nuclear deterrence premised on dyadic structures. The security situation on the Indo-Pak border and its linkages with cross border terrorism has serious implications for nuclear deterrence in the region. The Kargil War, a conventional war fought under the nuclear shadow, has thrown up new challenges for Southern Asian nuclear stability. This volume discusses different aspects of nuclear weapons including doctrinal issues, nuclear confidence building, terrorism and its linkages with nuclear deterrence, and nuclear safety within the context of Southern Asia. The book taps into the vast experience of senior defence personnel involved in preparing India’s draft nuclear doctrine and senior policy and strategic analysts in the country to present a comprehensive debate on nuclear stability in the region.
P.R. Chari, former member of the Indian Administrative Service, is currently the Director of the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, New Delhi. He has worked extensively on nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and Indian defense issues and has authored many books on these subjects.
Sonika Gupta is Research Officer at the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies and a doctoral student at the Chinese Studies division, Centre for East Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University.
Arpit Rajain has been working as Research Officer in the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies since 1997 on WMD issues.
ISBN 81-7304-520-8 2003 222p. Rs.450/Pounds 40